VueのNavigation Guards

Navigation guards are provided by vue-router. Three ways to hook:

  • globally
  • per-route
  • in-component


  1. Params or query changes won’t trigger enter/leave navigation guards. You can either watch the $route object to react to those changes, or use the beforeRouteUpdate in-component guard.
  2. Make sure to always call the next function, otherwise the hook will never be resolved.


const router = new VueRouter({ ... })

// Before Guards
router.beforeEach((to, from, next) => {
  // ...

// Resolve Guards
// beforeResolve guards will be called right before the navigation is confirmed
// after all in-component guards and async route components are resolved
router.beforeResolve((to, from, next) => {
  // ...

// After Hooks
router.afterEach((to, from) => {
  // ...


const router = new VueRouter({
  routes: [
      path: '/foo',
      component: Foo,
      beforeEnter: (to, from, next) => {
        // ...


const Foo = {
  template: `...`,
  beforeRouteEnter (to, from, next) {
    // called before the route that renders this component is confirmed.
    // does NOT have access to `this` component instance,
    // because it has not been created yet when this guard is called!
    // However, you can access the instance by passing a callback to next. 
    // The callback will be called when the navigation is confirmed
    // and the component instance will be passed to the callback as the argument
    beforeRouteEnter (to, from, next) {
      next(vm => {
        // access to component instance via `vm`
  beforeRouteUpdate (to, from, next) {
    // called when the route that renders this component has changed,
    // but this component is reused in the new route.
    // For example, for a route with dynamic params `/foo/:id`, when we
    // navigate between `/foo/1` and `/foo/2`, the same `Foo` component instance
    // will be reused, and this hook will be called when that happens.
    // has access to `this` component instance.
  beforeRouteLeave (to, from, next) {
    // called when the route that renders this component is about to
    // be navigated away from.
    // has access to `this` component instance.

Resolve flow

  • Navigation triggered.
  • Call leave guards in deactivated components.
  • Call global beforeEach guards.
  • Call beforeRouteUpdate guards in reused components.
  • Call beforeEnter in route configs.
  • Resolve async route components.
  • Call beforeRouteEnter in activated components.
  • Call global beforeResolve guards.
  • Navigation confirmed.
  • Call global afterEach hooks.
  • DOM updates triggered.
  • Call callbacks passed to next in beforeRouteEnter guards with instantiated instances.